History of Lost City
After the abandonment of the Lost City by its builders, the Tayrona civilization decreased its population for different reasons, from the new diseases brought by the Spanish, conflicts and appropriation of the territory. Those that remained were in the highest part of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, where most of the descendants still remain.
The four ethnic groups of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta – Sacred Lost City
In the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta there are four ethnic groups that are direct descendants of the Tayrona civilization. The WIWAS, the KOGUIS, the KANKUAMOS and the ARHUACOS. Each one still uses their traditional language derived from the language of the Taironas. They are distributed in three departments, Cesar, Guajira and Magdalena.
In the Ciudad Perdida area, in the Buritaca River basin, the Koguis and the Wiwas inhabit. On the route to Ciudad Perdida you will be able to find indigenous communities such as the Koguis. On day two you will be able to appreciate the town of MUTANZHY, a very traditional population.
Kogui Leader Rumaldo Lozano – Ancestral Lost City
There are no indigenous communities on the terraces of Ciudad Perdida, only a Kogui family lives. The Kogui leader, Romualdo Lozano lives in his traditional house. Rumaldo’s family lives in this area before the Guaqueros and Archaeologists discovered them. For this reason, for the indigenous peoples of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, the lost city is a sacred and ancestral site.